Use this page to discuss issues related to installing Linux from or onto PCMCIA devices. This could include installation procedures for specific Linux distributions.

If you have already installed Linux and are having trouble configuring PCMCIA, then you should probably be in a different forum.

Note that problems encountered during a Linux installation can be particularly difficult to solve, because a typical install environment will not provide debugging tools or any way of reconfiguring PCMCIA. In some cases, the best option is to find another way of installing Linux that does not require PCMCIA; and then debug the PCMCIA problem if it persists.

Messages Inline: 0 All Outline: 1 2 All

Question Install fails with KXL-D740 CD onto VAIO 505TR (SUSE 6.2)

Date: 1999, Dec 11
From: Bruce Forsberg <forsberg@adnc.com>

I just purchased a Sony VAIO 505TR without the Sony CDROM.
I do have a PCMCIA Panasonic KXL-D740 CDROM that I would
like to use for the install. I know that I can't boot from
this so I boot from the boot disk of SUSE 6.2. Then specify
to load kernel modules. Load modules disk. Then it gives me
two screens to enter options. I press enter for these.
Then it tries to do the PCMCIA thing it hangs. 

I have been able with SUSE 6.2 and the same PCMCIA CDROM
to install on an old Sharp PC-8650 with no problems at all.

Here are the precise steps after loading boot disk and modules
disk.

1. GUI says Found PCMCIA chipset "i82365"!
   Please enter parameters for PCMCIA core modules

       I press enter

2. Please enter specific parameters for chipset "i82365"

       I press enter

3. Error message is display scrolling on top of install GUI

     cardmgr[23]: config error file 'config' line 1326 syntax
     error.

4. Then Kernel messages GUI pops up. It reads:
     cs: IO port probe 0x1000-0x17ff: clean
     cs: IO port probe 0x0100-0x04ff: excluding 0x140-0x147 0x170-0x177 0x[the rest not visible]
     d7
     cs: IO port probe 0x0a00-0x0aff: clean
     cs: memory probe 0xa0000000-0xa0ffffff: clean
     Q1: Using preset base address of 230
     Q1: Using preset IRQ 3
     scsi0 : Qlogicfas Driver version 0.46, chip 50 at 230, IRQ 3, TPdma:1
     scsi : 1 host
     scsi : aborting command due to timeout : pid 0, scsi0, channel 0, id

5. At this points it hangs and I have to start again.

6. Tried the same produre as above but typed into 1st GUI
      exclude irq=3
    GUI goes away then system hangs



What I do know so far from others.
   IRQ conflict. I need to exclude IRQ 3 and 5. I know how to
   do this from the config file but don't how from the SUSE
   install.


  The Sony VAIO 505TR is a killer laptop for linux if only I
  can get the CDROM working. I am a software developer and
  will most likely taking off and putting on new installations
  all the time so I would like to get this working. Any help
  would be appreciated.

Thanks.
1. None You can't use the config file style of exclusions, but... by David Hinds, 1999, Dec 12

Feedback More problems with KXL-D740 PCMCIA CDROM

Date: 1999, Dec 12
From: Bruce Forsberg <forsberg@adnc.com>

I was never able to install from the CDROM described in
the previous message. I went ahead and installed from a DOS
partition. I built a kernel (2.2.10) and download the
3.1.6 PCMCIA software. It recognizes the controller fine.
But when I insert the card aftter about 5-10 seconds the
system will hang. Below is the output from the /var/log/
messages file:

It looks like the driver is crashing or something. Sorry
for the length of this debug message.

Thanks for your time,

Bruce Forsberg



Dec 11 23:09:00 portable /usr/sbin/cron[165]: (CRON) STARTUP (fork ok) 
Dec 11 23:09:15 portable login: pam_unix session started for user root, service login 
Dec 11 23:09:27 portable kernel: Sound error: Couldn't allocate DMA buffer
Dec 11 23:16:21 portable cardmgr[68]: exiting
Dec 11 23:16:21 portable kernel: unloading PCMCIA Card Services
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable kernel: Linux PCMCIA Card Services 3.1.6
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable kernel:   kernel build: 2.2.10 #2 Sat Dec 11 23:00:10 PST 1999
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable kernel:   options:  [pci] [cardbus]
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable kernel: Intel PCIC probe: 
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable kernel:   Ricoh RL5C475 PCI-to-CardBus at bus 0 slot 10, mem 0x68000000, 1 socket
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable kernel:     host opts [0]: [isa irq] [io 3/6/1] [mem 3/6/1] [no pci irq] [lat 168/176] [bus 32/34]
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable kernel:     ISA irqs (default) = 3,4,7,10,11,15 polling interval = 1000 ms
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable cardmgr[1020]: starting, version is 3.1.6
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable cardmgr[1020]: watching 1 sockets
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable kernel: cs: IO port probe 0x1000-0x17ff: clean.
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable kernel: cs: IO port probe 0x0100-0x04ff: excluding 0x140-0x147 0x170-0x177 0x370-0x37f 0x388-0x38f 0x4d0-0x4d7
Dec 11 23:16:27 portable kernel: cs: IO port probe 0x0a00-0x0aff: clean.
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: cs: memory probe 0xa0000000-0xa0ffffff: clean.
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable cardmgr[1020]: initializing socket 0
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable cardmgr[1020]: socket 0: Raven CD-Note SCSI
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable cardmgr[1020]: executing: 'insmod /lib/modules/2.2.10/pcmcia/qlogic_cs.o'
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: Ql: Using preset base address of 230
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: Ql: Using preset IRQ 10
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: scsi0 : Qlogicfas Driver version 0.46, chip 50 at 230, IRQ 10, TPdma:1
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: scsi : 1 host.
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: divide error: 0000
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: CPU:    0
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: EIP:    0010:[raid0_run+224/364]
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: EFLAGS: 00000282
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: eax: 00000000   ebx: c3b13744   ecx: c3b13744   edx: c01c0233
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: esi: 00000000   edi: c3b13750   ebp: c023ae00   esp: c3b136e4
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: ds: 0018   es: 0018   ss: 0018
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: Process cardmgr (pid: 1020, process nr: 52, stackpage=c3b13000)
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: Stack: 00000000 00000000 00000000 c020fd60 30000000 00000246 00000088 00000282 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel:        0023a000 c1b2c780 c009e200 c030f620 c011ec01 c009e080 00000246 c009e208 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel:        c3b13750 0009e208 00000286 c0dbd340 00000246 00000003 00000008 00000000 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: Call Trace: [head_vals.663+9611/14031] [sys_mprotect+29/328] [create_strip_zones+223/516] [i82365+65230424/95469568] [do_fork+982/1856] [i82365+65230933/95469568] [head_vals.663+9611/14031] 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel:        [head_vals.663+9611/14031] [do_debug+147/180] [IRQ0x08_interrupt+4/8] [rw_intr+795/1396] [i82365+65230933/95469568] [rw_intr+795/1396] [i82365+65230424/95469568] [rw_intr+872/1396] 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel:        [tvecs+33164/39432] [do_fork+982/1856] [i82365+65230424/95469568] [compute_block+15/192] [handle_stripe+510/2236] [i82365+65230424/95469568] [i82365+65224669/95469568] [i82365+65230424/95469568] 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel:        [i82365+65225432/95469568] [i82365+65215590/95469568] [ds:register_pccard_driver+-71114/272] [ds:register_pccard_driver+-69957/272] [ds:register_pccard_driver+-70520/272] [ds:register_pccard_driver+-74566/272] [call_receive+44/100] [call_bind+4/40] 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel:        [xprt_transmit+850/1120] [i82365+65225586/95469568] [i82365+65225432/95469568] [ds:register_pccard_driver+-79963/272] [schedule+575/632] [ds:register_pccard_driver+-6591/272] [i82365+65215410/95469568] [ds:register_pccard_driver+-74198/272] 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel:        [i82365+65223940/95469568] [i82365+65230552/95469568] [i82365+65225432/95469568] [ds:register_pccard_driver+-73735/272] [i82365+65204128/95469568] [i82365+65206561/95469568] [UMSDOS_rmdir+153/332] [umsdos_rename_f+555/744] 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel:        [sys_rt_sigqueueinfo+38/200] [sys_rt_sigaction+79/348] [UMSDOS_link+967/1008] [tcp_rcv_established+313/1452] [prune_queue+0/260] [umsdos_setup_dir+60/76] [UMSDOS_ioctl_dir+1259/2308] [UMSDOS_ioctl_dir+1275/2308] 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel:        [remap_page_range+187/632] [new_page_tables+114/168] [zap_page_range+325/452] [put_write_access+9/12] [do_signal+112/748] 
Dec 11 23:18:37 portable kernel: Code: ff 49 00 0f 88 39 93 02 00 c7 85 b4 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 8b 
Dec 11 23:18:43 portable kernel: scsi : aborting command due to timeout : pid 0, scsi0, channel 0, id 0, lun 0 Test Unit Ready 00 00 00 00 00 
Dec 11 23:22:40 portable syslogd 1.3-3: restart.
Dec 11 23:22:41 portable kernel: klogd 1.3-3, log source = /proc/kmsg started.
Dec 11 23:22:41 portable kernel: Inspecting /boot/System.map
1. Feedback RE: More problems (SOLVED) by Bruce Forsberg, 1999, Dec 12
(_ None That's very odd by David Hinds, 1999, Dec 13
(_ Note RE: That's very odd by Bruce Forsberg, 1999, Dec 14

Question Bridging support and PCMCIA

Date: 2000, Jan 16
From: Jeremy Cook jeremyc

Hi,

I was wondering if there was any reason why bridging should not work with PCMCIA cards. I am using my old laptop as a home server and need it to do bridging (between wireless and fixed networks). I followed the bridging howto and everything seems to "almost work" without actually bridging between my 2 PC-card ethernet interfaces. The bridging howto said something about telling the kernel that I have more than one ethernet interface for it to discover during boot, which I did do, but since I dont fully understand what I am doing here it is unclear to me whether this would help with PC-card ethernet interfaces since they would not be available until quite late in the boot process.

Does anyone have bridging working with PC-card ethernet? If so, is there any big secret?

I have kernel 2.2.14 and pcmcia v 3.1.8

Best regards,

Jeremy Cook

1. None It should work by David Hinds, 2000, Jan 18
(_ Note I'll try harder... by Jeremy Cook, 2000, Jan 18

Question problem to boot from PCMCIA scsi disk

Date: 2000, Feb 03
From: Marcel van Heemst vanheemst

I have installed linux on a PCMCIA scsi disk. But after installation i can't boot from this disk because linux loads his pcmcia driver later. So i will make a mkinitrd image to have pcmcia support at boottime. Can somebody tell me how i can make this image?

1. None See 'man pcinitrd' and the PCMCIA-HOWTO by David Hinds, 2000, Feb 03
(_ Note I have found a note! by Marcel van Heemst, 2000, Feb 04
(_ Question More questions about this topics by Leonardo Presciuttini, 2000, Mar 18
(_ None It is not simple, unfortunately by David Hinds, 2000, Mar 20
(_ Idea I appreciate it is hard for a neophite, but..... by Leonardo Presciuttini, 2000, Mar 21

Question pcmcia intall hangs

Date: 2000, Feb 14
From: Jon Page <jon.page@pnl.gov>

I am trying to setup a laptop to dual-boot Win98 and Linux 6.1.

I have created the pcmcia boot floppy but the install hangs early on when initializing the PC card devices.

This laptop is a Compaq Armada 7750MT and has a 3Com etherlink III 3c589D in slot 2 and a Megahertz 33.6 modem in slot one. It also has a built in 28.8 modem.

I have tried this several times, with both cards in and with only the NIC in but I still have the same problem.

Any help would be appreciated.

Jon Page jon.page@pnl.gov

1. None PCMCIA installs are basically un-debuggable by David Hinds, 2000, Feb 14

Question Installing Redhat 6.1 on a Toshiba

Date: 2000, Feb 15
From: Steve Thomas <stevet@sb.net>

I have a Toshiba 110CS with 40 Meg and a new, unformatted 4Gig HD. I also have an external panasonic KXL-D720 SCSI CD ROM where I would like to install from. I'm using the Redhat pcmcia boot disk. However, after initial boot, it asks me for a drivers disk.

I understand that the qlogic driver works with this device. How do I prepare a drivers disk with the requisite drivers? I'm new to this stuff and have been searching the net for hours. I have a qlogic_c.c file on my CD.

Thanks,

Steve

1. More Drivers Disk by Steve Thomas, 2000, Feb 17
(_ None Re: More: Drivers Disk by David Hinds, 2000, Feb 19
(_ More Drivers Disk by Steve Thomas, 2000, Feb 19

Question Installing using OvisLink ether. Pcmcia

Date: 2000, Feb 20
From: Adam tqm

I am having trouble installing redhat using a OvisLink PCMCIA network card. I have no CDROM drive therefore I need to use the network. My card (OvisLink), is supported according to the list (http://pcmcia.sourceforge.org/ftp/SUPPORTED.CARDS) however it is not supported in the pcmcia.img file.

What can I do? Is there a boot image with my card supported?

Help with this would be much appreciated.

Thanks

1. None You may be out of luck by David Hinds, 2000, Feb 23

Angry Can't use TI1225 PCI (Lucent) PCi-to-PCMCIA adapter

Date: 2000, Mar 11
From: Tommy Svensson tommy23

Hi!

I am trying to setup a Linux box with some PCMCIA adapters (Wavelan).

I have setup a couple of box like those with Wavelan PCMCIA adapters and even diffrent PCMCIA network card. Always working just fine.

Before I always use ISA PCMCIA adapters, often Cirus or VIA chips based.

This week I got some PCI-to-PCMCIA adapter from lucent which is based on the TI1225 card. I think the Lucent PCI-to-PCMCIA bridge is OEm version of SCM Microsytems GMBH (This name is printed on the card).

But I can't get it to work. I have tested it in arround 10 diffrent system. And I always get two kind of error.

1) Even the BIOS can't find the PCI card 2) Bios, Linux find two PCI card on the sam PCI bus.

In case 1) pcmcia fail complete then you run /etc/init.d/pcmcia

In case 2) The pcmcia core system and i82536 drivers load, and it finds two WaveLAN cards or two 3com networks card even if I only put in one... And it is a on chips cards.

I think perhaps the cards i crashed and I should for a replace ment card.

Some who know more about this?

I think of test with at diffrent PCI-to-PCMCIA bridge like one based on the VIa or Cirus chips which always have work fine with me before at least at ISA based.

Or do I need to do something diffrent because I use a PCI bridge instand of a ISA bridge? But I don't think so, i have never had so much trouble with a PCI card before. And I also think it is very strange you on diffrent computer the computer bios/linux either can't detect the PCI card or they detect two/double PCI card?

Please help me!

Kind regards!

//Tommy

Please email me to tommy_skovde@hotmail.com

1. None It has to be a basic linux PCI problem by David Hinds, 2000, Mar 13

None RedHat 6.1 Install using PC Card - arg!

Date: 2000, Mar 18
From: Lionel B. Dyck lbdyck

I have a IBM Thinkpad 701C, 24mb ram, 340mb hd, and both a Cadmusmicro 10/100 Ethernet PC Card (lna100n) and and IBM PCMCIA 4x CDROM (1969-008) using redhat 6.1 pcmcia.img diskette.

Apparently neither are found when I attempt my install. With the CDROM the "Initializing PC Card" popup appears and then a popup asking for a driver diskette. However the CDROM drive spins the CD during the initialization so it appears to be finding it but something isn't right.

For the ethernet card I see the same only there is no indication that the card was found - only the prompt for the driver diskette. With this card I found in the manual the following:

** Getting Started for RedHat 6.0 with PCMCIA-3.0.9 
* Login as root.
* Copy lnax100.o into /lib/modules/2.2.5 -"cp lnax100.o /lib/modules/2.2.5"
* Copy config.lna100n into /etc/pcmcia - "cp config.lna100n /etc/pcmcia"
* Use vi editor to append the following line into /etc/pcmcia/config - source ./config.lna100n
* Restart the cardmgr - "/etc/rc.d/init.d/pcmcia restart"
* Logoff root. 

But I can't find the lnax100.o or config.lna100n nor do I know how to update the pcmcia.img generated diskette.

Help (please)

1. Feedback Automatic probing of PCMCIA during installation by Leonardo Presciuttini, 2000, Mar 19
2. None Those cards are not supported by David Hinds, 2000, Mar 20
1. Sad Support for Cadmus card ?? by Lionel B. Dyck, 2000, Mar 20
2. None Those instructions don't apply in this case by David Hinds, 2000, Mar 20
1. Sad Can't win - sigh by Lionel B. Dyck, 2000, Mar 21

Question Using PCMCIA with Kernel v2.3.99-pre6

Date: 2000, May 03
From: David Stephenson stugs

I am installing the PCMCIA modules on my Toshiba Portege 3020CT. After my inital install of Debian, it found my network and modem cards. Since it was supported, I decided to upgrade to a 2.3.x kernel. I installed the kernel and then installed the latest PCMCIA package. When I boot the machine I get the following:

<snip>
Linux PCMCIA Card Services 3.1.11
  kernel build: 2.3.99-pre6 #8 Wed May 3 14:50:31 EST 2000
  options:  [pci] [cardbus]
Intel PCIC Probe: not found
ds: no socket drivers loaded!
<snip>

Once I get to the login promt and check the modules, I see that only the pcmcia_core module is loaded. I am then unable to load any of the other modules by hand.

If I reboot back into a 2.2.x kernel, the modules all load fine.

Any ideas?

1. None Socket driver selection issue by David Hinds, 2000, May 03
2. Feedback How to find not recognized Xircom-Card! by Juergen Rose, 2000, Jul 23

Note compilation problems with pcmcia-cs-3.1.19 and linux-2.4.0-test4

Date: 2000, Jul 23
From: Juergen Rose jrrose

Compilation of pcmcia-cs-3.1.19 stops with:


cc   -MD -O3 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -pipe -I../include -I/usr/src/linux/include  -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE -c ray_cs.c
In file included from ray_cs.c:68:
ray_cs.h:54: field `stats' has incomplete type
ray_cs.c: In function `ray_get_stats':
ray_cs.c:1956: warning: control reaches end of non-void function
make[1]: *** [ray_cs.o] Error 1

Compilation of pcmcia-cs-3.1.18 stops with a similar error in 
xirc2ps_cs.c. It seems me, that the error is caused by the use
of struct enet_statistics, which is not defined in the headers
 
of the new kernel. The error can be removed by the following patch.
 
--- pcmcia-cs-3.1.19/wireless/ray_cs.h	Wed Apr  5 01:14:19 2000
+++ pcmcia-cs-3.1.19_patched/wireless/ray_cs.h	Sun Jul 23 13:49:51 2000
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@
     UCHAR auth_id[6];
     UCHAR net_default_tx_rate;
     UCHAR encryption;
-    struct enet_statistics stats;
+    struct net_device_stats stats;
 
     UCHAR net_type;
     UCHAR sta_type;

With best regards
	Juergen
1. None Already fixed by David Hinds, 2000, Jul 24

Question Bug: Lockups on card insertion/removal...

Date: 2000, Aug 03
From: Elliot Lee sopwith

Hardware: Casio Fiva MPC-501

Software: kernel-2.2.16-17, pcmcia-cs-3.1.19 (from Red Hat pinstripe beta).

Symptoms: When I remove or insert cards, the system locks up hard. I did manage to remove a 3c589 network card, but inserting it, or inserting/removing a WaveLAN/IEEE card or CD-ROM interface card, causes the described lockup.

I saw a problem report in another thread that said having a syslog such as the following was a Bad Thing(tm):
Aug  2 21:16:21 anode kernel: Linux PCMCIA Card Services 3.1.19
Aug  2 21:16:21 anode kernel:   kernel build: 2.2.16-17 #1 Wed Jul 26 15:04:58 EDT 2000
Aug  2 21:16:21 anode kernel:   options:  [pci] [cardbus] [apm]
Aug  2 21:16:21 anode kernel: PCI routing table version 1.0 at 0xfdfa0
Aug  2 21:16:21 anode kernel:   unknown PCI interrupt router 1078:0001
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Aug  2 21:16:21 anode kernel: Intel PCIC probe: 
Aug  2 21:16:21 anode kernel:   Ricoh RL5C475 rev 00 PCI-to-CardBus at slot 00:01, mem 0x68000000
Aug  2 21:16:21 anode kernel:     host opts [0]: [isa irq] [io 3/6/1] [mem 3/6/1] [no pci irq] [lat 168/176] [bus 32/34]
Aug  2 21:16:21 anode kernel:     ISA irqs (default) = 3,4,7,9,10,11,12 polling interval = 1000 ms
Aug  2 21:16:22 anode pcmcia:  cardmgr.

Please let me know what details I can provide to help narrow down the problem...
1. None More information? by David Hinds, 2000, Aug 03
(_ None More Fiva info by Elliot Lee, 2000, Aug 03
(_ Ok Resolved by Elliot Lee, 2000, Aug 03

Question linux-2.4.0-test6, Xircom and i82365

Date: 2000, Aug 16
From: Juergen Rose jrrose

My Xircom Cardbus Adapter CBE which worked properly with older linux versions is not recognized with linux-2.4.0-test6 neither with pcmcia-cs-3.1.19 nor with pcmcia-cs-3.1.20. I configured linux completely without PCMCIA and made an additional installation of pcmcia-cs-3.1.xx. When I boot, "insmod /lib/modules/2.4.0-test6/pcmcia/i82365.o poll_intervall=100" in /etc/rc.d/rc.pcmcia produces:

  Intel PCIP probe:
     Bridge register mapping failed:
     check cb_mem_base setting

Are there any hints?

	Juergen 

1. More perhaps an answer?! by Juergen Rose, 2000, Aug 16
2. None The PCI support in linux-2.4.0-test6 is broken by David Hinds, 2000, Aug 16

Question Install with KXL-810A external cdrom

Date: 2000, Aug 26
From: Tom Halladay Xeviousceo

I'm trying to install linux on a Z-Note Flex laptop as the only operating system, I'm using a panasonic KXL-810A cdrom, what driver am i supposed to specify as the scsi adapter in the scsi configuration? or am i doing it wrong altogether

Question PCMCIA ethernet install

Date: 2000, Aug 31
From: David Wallace <root@pmsc.com>

Hi, I have a Texas Instruments 5200 laptop. I installed
it a few years ago using Caldera 1.3 via NFS PCMCIA ethernet
card, an IBM ethernet credit card adapter. Lately I have
been trying to install RedHat 6.2. The laptop has a pci
docking port, which creates a peer discovery loop unless
the boot param "pci=nopeer" or pci="nobios" is used. When
these param's are used, the install hangs at a blue screen
stating "...PC Card services". I am probably going to re-
partition the drive and do a hard-drive install, but decided
to post here just to see if someone had a solution or possible
solution. Here is the Caldera info which works at this time:
From dmesg:
Card services 3.0.3 Kernel 2.0.35
Cirrus PD672x at port 0x3e0 ofs 0x00 2 sockets
A hard-drive is a lot of noise, and I'll admit I'm lazy,
the net install is a lot easier.

Regards,

David "hope to find an easy solution" Wallace
Installing Linux using or onto a PCMCIA device


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